[26], Adult birds may be killed by cats, little owls and sparrowhawks, and eggs and nestlings are taken by magpies, jays, and, where present, grey squirrels. [11], In Great Britain song thrushes are commonly found where there are trees and bushes. [27][28][29] As with other passerine birds, parasites are common, and include endoparasites, such as the nematode Splendidofilaria (Avifilaria) mavis whose specific name mavis derives from this thrush. The remaining nests were in woodlands (1% of total area). It is the darkest subspecies, with a dark brown back, greyish rump, pale buff background colour to the underparts and grey-tinged flanks. The song thrush is occasionally a host of parasitic cuckoos, such as the common cuckoo, but this is very rare because the thrush recognizes the cuckoo's non-mimetic eggs. Although it is not threatened globally, there have been serious population declines in parts of Europe, possibly due to changes in farming practices. You are far more likely to see a Song Thrush, than a Mistle Thrush … [46], Thrushes have been trapped for food from as far back as 12,000 years ago[47] and an early reference is found in the Odyssey: "Then, as doves or thrushes beating their spread wings against some snare rigged up in thickets—flying in for a cozy nest but a grisly bed receives them. And he is no mean preacher It also gave rise to Albion's early nickname, The Throstles. "[7] Mavis (Μαβής) can also mean "purple" in Greek. 50M+ authentic stock photos from Twenty20 are now included in Envato Elements subscriptions. Read video transcript. [37], The song thrush has an extensive range, estimated at 10 million square kilometres (3.8 million square miles), and a large population, with an estimated 40 to 71 million individuals in Europe alone. Come forth into the light of things The first fine careless rapture![41]. Subscribe to Envato Elements for unlimited Photos downloads for a single monthly fee. [11], The grove Snail (Cepaea nemoralis) is regularly eaten by the song thrush, and its polymorphic shell patterns have been suggested as evolutionary responses to reduce predation;[36] however, song thrushes may not be the only selective force involved. It is given mainly from February to June by the Outer Hebridean race, but from November to July by the more widespread subspecies. It flies in loose flocks which cross the sea on a broad front rather than concentrating at short crossings (as occurs in the migration of large soaring birds), and calls frequently to maintain contact. [11] For its weight, this species has one of the loudest bird calls. [20] As an introduced species it has no legal protection in New Zealand, and can be killed at any time. [11] Vagrants have been recorded in Greenland, various Atlantic islands, and West Africa. Try the latest version of Chrome, Firefox, Edge or Safari. [35] The nestlings are mainly fed on animal food such as worms, slugs, snails and insect larvae. Let Nature be your teacher[44], The song thrush is the emblem of West Bromwich Albion Football Club, chosen because the public house in which the team used to change kept a pet thrush in a cage. The upperparts of this species become colder in tone from west to east across the breeding range from Sweden to Siberia. [45] A few English pubs and hotels share the name Throstles Nest. The female Song Thrush builds the nest alone, which consists of grasses, twigs, moss and roots, then lined with mud to form a neat cup. There are two, sometimes three, broods per season of 4-5 eggs which the female mainly broods alone. [6] Mavis is derived via Middle English mavys and Old French mauvis from Middle Breton milhuyt meaning "thrush. Lest you should think he never could recapture [25] The introduced birds in New Zealand, where the cuckoo does not occur, have, over the past 130 years, retained the ability to recognize and reject non-mimetic eggs. The mistle thrush (T. viscivorus) is much larger and has white tail corners, and the Chinese thrush (T. mupinensis), although much more similar in plumage, has black face markings and does not overlap in range. Near the bare poplar's tip, [11], The female song thrush builds a neat cup-shaped nest lined with mud and dry grass in a bush, tree or creeper, or, in the case of the Hebridean subspecies, on the ground. Song thrush sitting on grassland in summer, Common blackbird sitting on snow in winter from rear view, Vital common blackbird female throwing away orange leaf in autumn park, Small common blackbird female sitting on the ground between orange leafs, Alert male common blackbird sitting on a branch in autumn nature from front, Brown bear cub kneeling by its mother and drinking milk in green forest, Cute european green toad peeking out with legs and fingers on the branch, Numerous herd of fallow deer stags standing and watching on agricultural field, Ruropean roller perching and holding dead lizard with long tail in summer. In one English study, only 3.5% of territories were found in farmland, whereas gardens held 71.5% of the territories, despite that habitat making up only 2% of the total area. The juvenile resembles the adult, but has buff or orange streaks on the back and wing coverts. [4] The female incubates the eggs alone for 10–17 days, and after hatching a similar time elapses until the young fledge. [1], In the western Palaearctic, there is evidence of population decline, but at a level below the threshold required for global conservation concern (i.e., a reduction in numbers of more than 30% in ten years or three generations) and the IUCN Red List categorises this species as of "Least Concern". [1] In Great Britain and the Netherlands, there has been a more than 50% decline in population, and the song thrush is included in regional Red Lists. The sexes are similar, with plain brown backs and neatly black-spotted cream or yellow-buff underparts, becoming paler on the belly. "[48] Hunting continues today around the Mediterranean, but is not believed to be a major factor in this species' decline in parts of its range. [11], The song thrush breeds in most of Europe (although not in the greater part of Iberia, lowland Italy or southern Greece), and across the Ukraine and Russia almost to Lake Baikal. It is omnivorous and has the habit of using a favourite stone as an "anvil" on which to break open the shells of snails. [52] As with hunting, there is little evidence that the taking of wild birds for aviculture has had a significant effect on wild populations. T. p. hebridensis, described by British ornithologist William Eagle Clarke in 1913, is a mainly sedentary (non-migratory) form found in the Outer Hebrides and Isle of Skye in Scotland. [23], During migration, the song thrush travels mainly at night with a strong and direct flight action. The female song thrush builds a neat cup-shaped nest lined with mud and dry grass in a bush, tree or creeper, or, in the case of the Hebridean subspecies, on the ground. Join now. A song thrush feasts on berries. Join now In more depth. [6], In The Tables Turned, Romantic poet William Wordsworth references the song thrush, writing, Hark, how blithe the throstle sings A song thrush feasts on berries. [24] However, the song thrush does not demonstrate the same aggression toward the adult cuckoo that is shown by the blackbird.


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